Coronavirus (COVID-19) Testing- All you Need to Know
In this article, we will try to collate the relevant information regarding the testing procedure for Coronavirus which one has to undergo.
It is important to know that these tests are required only when there are symptoms of infection or there has been close contact with people who have travelled to endemic regions with a high rate of infection.
The Indian government has made certain testing sites in each state where the testing for conﬁrmation of the infection takes place. These tests are conducted in specialized certiﬁed labs designated by the government.
What should you do?
In case of suspicion of being infected one should wear a face mask preferably N95 or a 3 ply surgical mask and go to the designated testing site. One should try not to touch face or eyes and also avoid touching any surface.
What happens prior to Testing?
- You will be asked to wait in a chamber.
- A qualiﬁed medical will attend you and inquire regarding your symptoms.
- Your temperature will be recorded.
- Your travel history, contact history and family history will be taken.
What Happens During Testing?
A qualiﬁed medical professional will attend you and will bring a kit for collecting the sample. One of the following samples may be acquired from you depending on the local protocol.
- A Nasal/ Throat Swab: The health care provider will take a special cotton swab and take the sample from your nose or throat.
- A Nasal Aspirate: Small amount of saline solution will be injected in the nose and then removed with gentle suction.
- A Tracheal Aspirate: A thin tube called a bronchoscope goes into your lungs, where a sample is collected.
- A Sputum Test: Sputum is a type of mucus from lungs which is taken by a cotton swab for testing.
- A Blood Test: Blood sample from your veins is taken in a sterile vial and sent for testing in a lab.
What Happens Next?
Depending on the severity of symptoms and your history you might be taken to an isolation ward where you might be kept under observation until the results come or you might be asked to go home and observe self-isolation till the results come.
What If the Test Comes Positive?
Do not worry. In case the tests come out positive you will be taken to an isolation ward and will be provided with the supportive care and medicines. It is important to remember that most cases of coronavirus infection have recovered without any health issues.
Coronavirus Testing Sites in India
Currently, there are 52 sites in India for Covid-19 testing. See below state wise list:
|State||List of VRLs|
|Andhra Pradesh||1 Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati|
2 Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||3. GMC, Anantapur, AP 4. Regional Medical Research Centre, Port Blair|
|Assam||5. Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati|
|Bihar||6. Regional Medical Research Center, Dibrugarh Bihar |
7. Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna
|Chandigarh||8. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh|
|Chhattisgarh||9. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Raipur|
|Delhi-NCT||10. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Delhi 11. National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi|
|Gujarat||12. BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad|
13. M.P.Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar
|Haryana||14. Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Inst. of Med. Sciences, Rohtak|
15. BPS Govt Medical College, Sonipat
|Himachal Pradesh||16. Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh|
17. Dr.Rajendra Prasad Govt. Med. College, Kangra, Tanda, HP
|J&K||18. Sher‐e‐ Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar|
19. Government Medical College, Jammu
|Jharkhand||20. MGM Medical College, Jamshedpur|
|Karnataka||21. Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bangalore|
22. National Institute of Virology Field Unit Bangalore
23. Mysore Medical College & Research Institute, Mysore
24. Hassan Inst. of Med. Sciences, Hassan, Karnataka
25. Shimoga Inst. of Med. Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka
|Kerala||26. National Institute of Virology Field Unit, Kerala|
27. Govt. Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram
28. Govt. Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala
|Madhya Pradesh||29. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Bhopal|
30. National Institute of Research in Tribal Health (NIRTH), Jabalpur
|Meghalaya||31. NEIGRI of Health and Medical Sciences, Shillong, Meghalaya|
|Maharashtra||32. Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur|
33. Kasturba Hospital for Infectious Diseases, Mumbai
|Manipur||34. J N Inst. of Med. Sciences Hospital, Imphal‐East, Manipur|
|Odisha||35. Regional Medical Research Center, Bhubaneswar|
|Puducherry||36. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry|
|Punjab||37. Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab|
38. Government Medical College, Amritsar
|Rajasthan||39. Sawai Man Singh, Jaipur|
40. Dr S.N Medical College, Jodhpur
41. Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan
42. SP Med. College, Bikaner, Rajasthan
|Tamilnadu||43. King’s Institute of Preventive Medicine & Research, Chennai|
44. Government Medical College, Theni
|Tripura||45. Government Medical College, Agartala|
|Telangana||46. Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad|
|Uttar Pradesh||47. King’s George Medical University, Lucknow|
48. Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
49. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh
|Uttarakhand||50. Government Medical College, Haldwani|
|West Bengal||51. National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata|
52. IPGMER, Kolkata
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*Note: The information contained in this article is validated by the World Health Organization (W.H.O)