Things to Know about Preventive Health Checkup

Ever heard of undiagnosed diseases claiming life? Or prognosis being grave, because the intervention didn’t happen at the right time?

It is rightly said, “Prevention is better than cure.”

That’s what preventive health checkup entails; it strives to work towards disease prevention rather than treatment. Listed below are some of the figures stating the grim condition of healthcare in India –

  • A whopping 139 million people suffer from hypertension, symptoms of which are rarely recognized. Hypertension is further responsible for 57% of strokes and 24% of heart-related deaths in India, with about 2.6 lakh deaths occurring due to high BP itself.
  • Tuberculosis causes nearly 5 lakh deaths in the country, with approx. one-third cases undiagnosed.
  • According to WHO, one in four Indians above 30 are at risk of dying owing to lifestyle diseases.
  • According to the Lancet, India’s burden of non-communicable diseases is escalating, (many of which remain undiagnosed), with over 4 million deaths annually, majorly premature, owing to cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, and diabetes.

So, it only seems logical that the progression is intercepted as early as possible rather than facing its full brunt, eventually.

Enumerated below are some of the features of preventive health checkups

Preventive Health Checkup

What is preventive health checkup?

Sound health is a state of physical, emotional and social wellbeing. It’s a state of comfort and contentment. Preventive health checkups are regular checkups to identify any disease pattern so that diseases can be apprehended before they manifest. These are measures that work on disease prevention, rather than treatment, minimizing risk factors for you.

Why preventive health checkup is important?

According to WHO, chronic diseases caused by sedentary lifestyle have declined in the western countries which is the result of appropriate preventive measures undertaken by these countries.

  • Under Section 80D of the Income Tax Act, tax deductions of up to ₹5,000 can be availed, for preventive health checks for self, spouse, children or parents.
  • Less distressing and more economical, as early diagnosis saves time and effort.
  • Preventive health check offers you Chances of living a healthier life by letting you get to know your body status from time to time.
  • More than 3 million people die from vaccine-preventable diseases each year.
  • Everything around needs periodic servicing, and so does your body.
  • We now have a lifestyle that doesn’t favour a healthy body, it’s a sedentary lifestyle, for most of the working population.
  • Increasing pollution, adulterated edibles, and poor healthcare conditions have aggravated the problem of incidence and transmission of diseases.
  • If you have a family history, you become more susceptible to acquiring the same, going through a regular checkup would help big time.
  • Most insurance companies cover the cost in their healthcare policies, saving you the small amount you might have to spend.

Who should go for preventive health checkup?

It has been established by expert knowledge and international opinion that men of an above 35, and women of 40 and above should go for regular health checkups. In the case of any family history, it is advisable to initiate preventive checkups around a decade before.

Measure to take while going for a checkup

  • Wear comfortable clothes.
  • Most tests are conducted on an empty stomach, so follow the instructions as required.
  • Avoid any jewellery or metallic item.
  • Let your doctor know of your previous complications and medical history.

Tests you can go for

  • Clinical history
  • Blood and urine tests
  • X-ray
  • Ultrasonography
  • Lungs function test
  • Cardiac test-ECHO
  • Blood sugar levels
  • Lipid Profile
  • CBC
  • General physical exam including weight, height, blood pressure, pulse rate, etc.
  • Mammography, Pap test and pelvic exam for women.

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